Types of Loans
Term business loans are a standard debt financing facility with standard payments (usually monthly) with a maturity and amortization schedule, ranging from anywhere in 6 months to 30 years in length (depending on use). Term loan sizes for small and medium-sized businesses can be as small as a few thousand dollars, and can range up to $5,000,000 for loans with SBA-enhancements, and well above that for other traditional facilities. The repayment associated with most term loans are made monthly, although some alternative lenders will require payback be made on a weekly or even daily basis.
Line of Credit
A business line-of-credit is a type of flexible pre-approved commercial financing in which a maximum loan balance is set by a bank or lender in which the borrower can draw on the funds whenever they wish. A line-of-credit can range in sizes from $5,000 for very small businesses, to well over $5,000,000 for mid-size companies. Repayments for lines-of-credit are made in various fashions, including monthly, weekly and even daily by some lenders.
SBA Loans are bank and commercial loans provided to new and existing small businesses that are backed by the United States Small Business Administration. The purpose of SBA lending is to provide financing for small companies that haven’t been able to secure traditional bank financing. The bank or SBA lender provides enhanced financing to the small business, while the government agrees to shoulder the great majority of the lenders’ losses should the small business default on the loan. In theory, by reducing risk to the lending institutions with the SBA guarantee, the banks and lending institutions are more inclined to approve loans they would not normally fund. Since the government is taking the majority of risk with this type of financing, the SBA requires the small business and the commercial lender to meet certain guidelines before they will get an SBA guarantee before funding.
Equipment financing relates to any and all forms of financing businesses use to obtain commercial equipment. Types of equipment financing include equipment loans, equipment leasing and equipment sale-leaseback. Each equipment financing option varies in credit and capital requirements, structure of the financing facility, along with rates, terms and fees. Leasing equipment allows companies to obtain equipment immediately, without having to pay upfront costs. Equipment loans allow companies to purchase equipment and have full-control over the equipment both during the loan term and once payback is completed. Sale-leasebacks allow companies to sell their equipment, while still retaining the ability to use the equipment.
Hard Money Loans
A hard money loan is a specific type of asset-based loan financing through which a borrower receives funds secured by real property. Hard money loans are typically issued by private investors or companies. Interest rates are typically higher than conventional commercial or residential property loans.
A commercial mortgage is a mortgage loan secured by commercial property, such as an office building, shopping center, industrial warehouse, or apartment complex. The proceeds from a commercial mortgage are typically used to acquire, refinance, or redevelop commercial property.
Commercial mortgages are structured to meet the needs of the borrower and the lender.
A bridge loan used for business purposes is a temporary financing facility that provides short-term funding until a permanent is in place, or until a commercial debt obligation is removed. Bridge loans range between 1-12 months with either a single repayment often (but not always) provided at the end of the term, or a serious of daily, weekly or monthly payments. Bridge financing is typically used for working capital purposes.